Allegory — A symbolic representation
(i.e. The blindfolded figure with scales is an allegory of justice.)
Alliteration — The repetition of the initial consonant. There should be at least two repetitions in a row.
(i.e. Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.)
Allusion — A reference to a famous person or event in life or literature.
(i.e. She is as pretty as the Mona Lisa.)
Analogy — The comparison of two pairs which have the same relationship.
(i.e. Shoe is to foot as tire is to wheel)
Assonance — The repetition of similar vowel sounds in a sentence.
Climax — the turning point of the action in the plot of a play or story. The climax represents the point of greatest tension in the work.
Foreshadowing — Hints of what is to come in the action of a play or a story
Hyperbole — A figure of speech involving exaggeration.
Metaphor — A comparison in which one thing is said to be another.
(i.e. The tiger’s eyes were jewels, gleaming in the darkness.)
Onomatopoeia — The use of words to imitate the sounds they describe.
(i.e. The burning wood crackled and hissed.)
Oxymoron — Putting two contradictory words together. (i.e. Bittersweet, jumbo shrimp, and act naturally)
Personification — is giving human qualities to animals or objects. (i.e. The tulips nodded their blue heads.)
Pun — A word is used which has two meanings at the same time, which results in humor.
Simile — A figure of speech involving a comparison between unlike things using like, as, or as though. (i.e. She floated in like a cloud.)
Source [Word Painting]